Night at the museum:

Composer Ralph Vaughan Williams meets his great uncle Charles Darwin!






 

 

 

Friday, November 10 2017:
In the second night concert of the Zoological Museum the string quartet of the Kiel Philharmonic Orchestra performed pieces of Ralph Vaughan Williams who was related to Charles Darwin (Ralph’s great-uncle). The music was accompanied by a reading from Charles Darwin´s letters by Thomas Bosch.

 

 

 

 

„…Und wenn ich mein Leben noch einmal zu leben hätte, dann würde ich es mir zur Regel machen, mindestens einmal in der Woche ein wenig Lyrik zu lesen und etwas Musik zu hören;
vielleicht wären die jetzt verkümmerten Teile meines Gehirns dann, durch den ständigen Gebrauch, aktiv geblieben. Der Verlust dieser Empfänglichkeit ist ein Verlust an Glück und mag wohl dem Intellekt Schaden zufügen, noch wahrscheinlicher aber dem moralischen Charakter, weil ein solcher Verlust den emotionalen Teil unserer Natur verkümmern lässt.“

– Charles Darwin, aufgezeichnet im Mai und August 1876, (Aus „Mein Leben“)

Nerves control the body’s bacterial community

The Bosch lab proves, that there is close cooperation between the nervous system and the microbial population of the body

Nerve cells

Nerve cells (in green) of the freshwater polyp Hydra produce antimicrobial peptides and thus shape the animal’s microbiome. Rod-shaped bacteria can be seen at the base of the tentacles, marked in red. Image: Christoph Giez, Dr. Alexander Klimovich

A central aspect of life sciences is to explore the symbiotic cohabitation of animals, plants and humans with their specific bacterial communities. Scientists refer to the full set of microorganisms living on and inside a host organism as the microbiome. Over the past years, evidence has accumulated that the composition and balance of this microbiome contributes to the organism’s health. For instance, alterations in the composition of the bacterial community are implicated in the origin of various so-called environmental diseases. However, it is still largely unknown just how the cooperation between organism and bacteria works at the molecular level and how the microbiome and body exactly act as a functional unit. An important breakthrough in deciphering these highly complex relationships has now been achieved by the Bosch lab. Using the freshwater polyp Hydra as a model organism, the Kiel-based researchers and their international colleagues investigated how the simple nervous system of these animals interacts with the microbiome. They were able to demonstrate, for the first time, that small molecules secreted by nerve cells help to regulate the composition and colonisation of specific types of beneficial bacteria along the Hydra’s body column. The scientists published their new findings in Nature Communications this Tuesday September 26 2017

Fibres

Fibres of intestinal tissue (in red) surround the nerve cells (in green) of the freshwater polyp Hydra. Image: Christoph Giez, Dr. Alexander Klimovich

Original publication:
René Augustin, Katja Schröder, Andrea P. Murillo Rincón, Sebastian Fraune, Friederike Anton-Erxleben, Ava-Maria Herbst, Jörg Wittlieb, Martin Schwentner, Joachim Grötzinger, Trudy M. Wassenaar, Thomas C.G. Bosch (2017): “A secreted antibacterial neuropeptide shapes the microbiome of Hydra”. Nature Communications, Published on September 26, 2017, doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00625-1

Soeben erschienen:
Thomas C.G. Bosch
“Der Mensch als Holobiont”

(Taschenbuch im Ludwig-Verlag; über Amazon bestellbar)

Der Mensch als HolobiontAlle lebendigen Organismen – auch der Mensch – können nicht alleine bestehen, sondern sind Holobionten oder Metaorganismen. Unzählige, gutartige Mikroorganismen besiedeln den gesamten Körper, die äußerst wichtige Funktionen übernehmen und ohne die kein Lebewesen existieren kann. Thomas Bosch zeigt in diesem Taschenbuch, wie die Forschung immer tiefer in das komplexe Zusammenwirken von Mikroben und Wirtskörper eindringt. Er zeigt auf, wie diese völlig neue Sicht auf den Menschen als Ökosystem nicht nur unser Verständnis von Lebensprozessen revolutioniert sondern auch ganz neue Ansätze in der Therapie von chronischen Erkrankungen wie z.B. Darmentzündungen oder Krebs liefert. Eine veränderte Lebensweise, die auch unsere „Mitbewohner“ beachtet, erscheint als der neue Schlüssel zu langfristiger Gesundheit.
ISBN 978-3869353241

A dialogue between the life sciences and the arts

In a joint book project with artists, Thomas Bosch argues for a dialogue between the life sciences and the arts in order to acknowledge the deeply creative and expressive processes embodied in all living organisms.

Bosch TCG (2017) Augmenting the Life Sciences with Contributions from the Arts. In: Sensing the Ocean: A Collaboration between Art, Design and Science (eds Duscher T, Sachs S, Schulz M). Revolver Publishing Berlin,
ISBN 978-3-95763-388-0  pdficon

Joint Meeting

of the German and Japanese Societies of Developmental Biologists 15 – 18 March 2017 Kiel, Germany.

As President of the Society of Developmental Biology (GfE) , Thomas Bosch organized a joint meeting of the German and Japanese Societies of Developmental Biologists,
15 – 18 March 2017 Kiel, Germany.

metaorganism-research.com

CRC1182 / KAUST Workshop “Metaorganisms in Extreme Environments”

March 29/30 2017, Kiel

crc1182-kaust

The workshop “Metaorganisms in Extreme Environments” to be held at Kiel University in March 29-30 2017 will bring together researchers from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and the Collaborative Research Centre 1182 at Kiel University using plant and animal model systems to gain insight into the cellular and genomic events underpinning the origin and evolution of metaorganism diversity and complexity in extreme environments.

Joint Meeting

of the German and Japanese Societies of Developmental Biologists, 15 – 18 March 2017 Kiel, Germany.

As President of the Society of Developmental Biology (GfE) , Thomas Bosch is inviting to a joint meeting of the German and Japanese Societies of Developmental Biologists, 15 – 18 March 2017 Kiel, Germany. For more information please visit the homepage of the meeting: gfe-meeting.de.

The multi-organismic nature of life ( V )

Thomas Bosch interviews the leading experts in the emerging field of metaorganism research

In a series of short interviews Thomas Bosch talks in the Collaborative Research Center “Origin and function of Metaorganisms” with leading experts in symbiosis research which have initiated a paradigm shift in the Life Sciences: organisms, health and disease are fundamentally multiorganismic.

on Ancient DNA and Tracing Ancestral Holobionts
(Hendrik Poinar, McMaster University)


Prof. Hendrik Poinar of McMaster University lines out how ‘time travel’ via ancient DNA-studies helps to unravel the evolution of early ancestral holobionts.