The Bosch lab uncovers links between microbiome and essential tissue contractions for healthy bowel function

The contractions of the body are triggered by nerve cells (in green); Bacteria (in red) intervene in the regulatory mechanism of the pacemaker cells underlying this process.
Figure: Christoph Giez, dr. Alexander Klimovich

Spontaneous contractions of the digestive tract play an important role in the vast majority of organisms in order to ensure a healthy intestinal function. From simple invertebrates to humans, there are consistently similar movement patterns that transport and mix the contents of the intestine through the rhythmic contraction of the muscles. These contractions of the intestine are indispensable for the digestive process and are referred to in science as peristalsis. In various diseases of the digestive tract, for example, serious inflammatory bowel disease in humans, there are disorders of natural peristalsis. So far, little is explored by which factors these contractions are controlled.

Ph.D. student Andrea Murillo together with postdoc Alexander Klimovich and other members of the Bosch lab could prove for the first time that bacterial colonization plays an important role in peristalsis in the freshwater polyp Hydra. The observation that microorganisms within the gut can affect essential pacemaker functions in peristalsis are  published in the journal “Scientific Reports”.

2018

Review Klimovich A & TCG Bosch (2018) Rethinking the role of the nervous system: lessons from the Hydra holobiont. BioEssays, in press

paper Hamada M, Schröder K, Bathia J, Kürn U, Fraune S, Khalturina M, Khalturin K, Shinzato  C, Satoh N, Bosch TCG (2018) Metabolic co-dependence drives the evolutionarily ancient Hydra-Chlorella symbiosis. eLife, in press

paper Klimovich A, Rehm A, Wittlieb J, Herbst E, Benavente R, Bosch TC, . Non-senescent Hydra tolerates severe disturbances in the nuclear lamina. Aging (Albany NY). 2018; 10:951-972. https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.101440 pdficon

Review Rees T, TCG Bosch, AE Douglas (2018) How the Microbiome Challenges our Concept of Self. PLoS Biol. 16(2):e2005358 pdficon

Review Bang, C, Dagan T, Deines P, Dubilier N, Duschl WJ, Fraune S, Hentschel U, Hirt H, Hülter N, Lachnit T, Picazo D, Pita L, Pogoreutz C, Radecker N, Saad MM, Schmitz RA, Schulenburg H, Voolstra CR, Weiland-Brauer N, Ziegler M, Bosch TCG (2018). Metaorganisms in extreme environments: do microbes play a role in organismal adaptation? Zoology 127 (2018), 1-19pdficon

paper Wein T, Dagan T, Fraune S, TCG Bosch, Burkhard T, Reusch H, NF Hülter (2018) Carrying capacity and colonization dynamics of the Hydra host habitat. Front. Microbiol, 9:443.

paper Mortzfeld BM, Taubenheim J, Fraune S, Klimovich AV, Bosch TCG (2018). Stem cell transcription factor FoxO controls microbiome resilience in Hydra. Front Microbiol., 9:629.pdficon